Conditional Random Fields Meet Deep Neural Networks for Semantic Segmentation

TitleConditional Random Fields Meet Deep Neural Networks for Semantic Segmentation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsArnab, A, Zheng, S, Jayasumana, S, Romera-paredes, B, Kirillov, A, Savchynskyy, B, Rother, C, Kahl, F, Torr, P
Keywordsconditional random fields, deep learning, seman-

—Semantic Segmentation is the task of labelling every pixel in an image with a pre-defined object category. It has numer-ous applications in scenarios where the detailed understanding of an image is required, such as in autonomous vehicles and medical diagnosis. This problem has traditionally been solved with probabilistic models known as Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) due to their ability to model the relationships between the pixels being predicted. However, Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have recently been shown to excel at a wide range of computer vision problems due to their ability to learn rich feature representations automatically from data, as opposed to traditional hand-crafted features. The idea of combining CRFs and DNNs have achieved state-of-the-art results in a number of domains. We review the literature on combining the modelling power of CRFs with the representation-learning ability of DNNs, ranging from early work that combines these two techniques as independent stages of a common pipeline to recent approaches that embed inference of probabilistic models directly in the neural network itself. Finally, we summarise future research directions.

Citation KeyArnab2018