Partial Optimality by Pruning for MAP-Inference with General Graphical Models

TitlePartial Optimality by Pruning for MAP-Inference with General Graphical Models
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSwoboda, P, Shekhovtsov, A, Kappes, JHendrik, Schnörr, C, Savchynskyy, B
JournalIEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Date Publishedjul
Keywordsenergy minimization, Local polytope, MAP-inference, Markov random fields, partial optimality, persistency

We consider the energy minimization problem for undirected graphical models, also known as MAP-inference problem for Markov random fields which is NP-hard in general. We propose a novel polynomial time algorithm to obtain a part of its optimal non-relaxed integral solution. Our algorithm is initialized with variables taking integral values in the solution of a convex relaxation of the MAP-inference problem and iteratively prunes those, which do not satisfy our criterion for partial optimality. We show that our pruning strategy is in a certain sense theoretically optimal. Also empirically our method outperforms previous approaches in terms of the number of persistently labelled variables. The method is very general, as it is applicable to models with arbitrary factors of an arbitrary order and can employ any solver for the considered relaxed problem. Our method's runtime is determined by the runtime of the convex relaxation solver for the MAP-inference problem.

Citation KeySwoboda2016