Regression Tree Fields An efficient, non-parametric approach to image labeling problems

TitleRegression Tree Fields An efficient, non-parametric approach to image labeling problems
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsJancsary, J, Nowozin, S, Sharp, T, Rother, C
Conference NameProceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
ISBN Number9781467312264

We introduce Regression Tree Fields (RTFs), a fully conditional random field model for image labeling problems. RTFs gain their expressive power from the use of non-parametric regression trees that specify a tractable Gaussian random field, thereby ensuring globally consistent predictions. Our approach improves on the recently introduced decision tree field (DTF) model [14] in three key ways: (i) RTFs have tractable test-time inference, making efficient optimal predictions feasible and orders of magnitude faster than for DTFs, (ii) RTFs can be applied to both discrete and continuous vector-valued labeling tasks, and (Hi) the entire model, including the structure of the regression trees and energy function parameters, can be efficiently and jointly learned from training data. We demonstrate the expressive power and flexibility of the RTF model on a wide variety of tasks, including inpainting, colorization, denoising, and joint detection and registration. We achieve excellent predictive performance which is on par with, or even surpassing, DTFs on all tasks where a comparison is possible. © 2012 IEEE.

Citation KeyJancsary2012d