Second-Order Recursive Filtering on the Rigid-Motion Lie Group SE(3) Based on Nonlinear Observations

TitleSecond-Order Recursive Filtering on the Rigid-Motion Lie Group SE(3) Based on Nonlinear Observations
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBerger, J, Lenzen, F, Becker, F, Neufeld, A, Schnörr, C
KeywordsConstant Acceleration Model, Lie Group, Minimum Energy Filter, Optimal Control, Recursive Filtering, Visual Odometry
Abstract

Camera motion estimation from observed scene features is an important task in image processing to increase the accuracy of many methods, e.g. optical flow and structure-from-motion. Due to the curved geometry of the state space SE(3) and the non-linear relation to the observed optical flow, many recent filtering approaches use a first-order approximation and assume a Gaussian a posteriori distribution or restrict the state to Euclidean geometry. The physical model is usually also limited to uniform motions.
We propose a second-order minimum energy filter with a generalized kinematic model that copes with the full geometry of SE(3) as well as with the nonlinear dependencies between the state space and observations. The derived filter enables reconstructing motions correctly for synthetic and real scenes, e.g. from the KITTI benchmark. Our experiments confirm that the derived minimum energy filter with higher-order state differential equation copes with higher-order kinematics and is also able to minimize model noise. We also show that the proposed filter is superior to state-of-the-art extended Kalman filters on Lie groups in the case of linear observations and that our method reaches the accuracy of modern visual odometry methods.

URLhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1507.06810
Preprint

arXiv preprint

Citation KeyBerger-et-al-2015b