A new instrument to measure steep wind-waves

TitleA new instrument to measure steep wind-waves
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsBalschbach, G, Menzel, M, Jähne, B
Conference NameIAPSO Proceedings, XXI General Assembly, Honolulu, Hawai, August 1995, PS-10 Spatial Structure of Short Ocean Waves

Current instruments to measure the spatial structure of short waves are limited to quite low slopes. Capillary waves, however, may show slopes well above one (45 degrees inclination). A new instrument has been designed to measure the spatial structure of steep capillary waves. It was designed to specifically address a number of basic questions: Is the limiting form for Crapper capillary waves ever reached? Can a bubble be trapped by such a wave? Do solitary capillary/gravity waves - as recently postulated by Longuet-Higgins - exist in wind/wave fields? The instrument uses the basic design as used in previous instruments of our research group but includes two important enhancements. By the use of a telecentric illumination and camera lens, the influence of wave height on the slope measurement is eliminated. Colored light is used to encode both slope components simultaneously and to correct for uneven intensity distribution in the light source and intensity losses by reflection at the water surface. This contribution describes the setup of the instrument and its calibration in detail. First results from the circular wind/wave facility at Heidelberg University are reported in a separate paper.

Citation Keybalschbach1995