CliqueCNN: Deep Unsupervised Exemplar Learning

TitleCliqueCNN: Deep Unsupervised Exemplar Learning
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBautista, M, Sanakoyeu, A, Sutter, E, Ommer, B
Conference NameProceedings of the Conference on Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)
PublisherMIT Press
Conference LocationBarcelona

Exemplar learning is a powerful paradigm for discovering visual similarities in
an unsupervised manner. In this context, however, the recent breakthrough in
deep learning could not yet unfold its full potential. With only a single positive
sample, a great imbalance between one positive and many negatives, and unreliable
relationships between most samples, training of Convolutional Neural networks is
impaired. Given weak estimates of local distance we propose a single optimization
problem to extract batches of samples with mutually consistent relations. Conflict-
ing relations are distributed over different batches and similar samples are grouped
into compact cliques. Learning exemplar similarities is framed as a sequence of
clique categorization tasks. The CNN then consolidates transitivity relations within
and between cliques and learns a single representation for all samples without
the need for labels. The proposed unsupervised approach has shown competitive
performance on detailed posture analysis and object classification.

Citation KeyarXiv:1608.08792v1