Investigating the Transfer of Oxygen at the Wavy Air-Water Interface under Wind-Induced Turbulence

TitleInvestigating the Transfer of Oxygen at the Wavy Air-Water Interface under Wind-Induced Turbulence
Publication TypePhD Thesis
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFriedl, F
UniversityInstitut für Umweltphysik, Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Univ.\ Heidelberg

Local oxygen (O2) transfer velocities measured in a linear wind-wave tunnel with respect to wind speed and fetch are presented in this thesis. For this, a non-intrusive laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method was developed to measure vertical O2 concentration profiles in the water-sided mass boundary layer. The fluorophore used is a water soluble ruthenium complex, which is quenched according to the Stern-Volmer equation. This equation, which originally describes the quenching only for a weak excitation, was generalized for arbitrary laser irradiance. Measurements confirm this generalization and yield a new value for the Stern-Volmer constant. The LIF method was applied with high spatial and temporal resolution of 6.2 µm m and 1.2 kHz, respectively, in order to resolve the mass boundary layer and fast processes. To obtain mean O2 concentration profiles with high precision, an algorithm was developed to detect the water surface in the recorded images. The measured mean concentration profiles show a transition in the self-similar shape with the onset of waves. The results for a flat water surface are in agreement with the surface renewal model. For a wavy water surface, the small eddy model and the surface renewal model both describe the data equally well. Vanishing O2 concentration fluctuations at the flat water surface were measured, which is in agreement with existing models for a rigid interface. The local transfer velocities obtained from mean concentration profiles are best parametrized with the friction velocity. In this work, the great potential of LIF measurements to probe transfer velocities locally is demonstrated.

Citation Keyfriedl2013