Note, we add all peer reviewed articles to this list, and sometimes also arXiv papers (but not all arXiv papers).



  • C. Kamann, C. Rother, “Increasing the Robustness of Semantic Segmentation Models with Painting-by-Numbers”, ECCV 2020. [pdf]
  • H. Schilling, M. Gutsche, A. Brock, D. Späth, C. Rother, K. Krispin (2020): “Mind the Gap – A Benchmark for Dense Depth Prediction beyond Lidar”, 2nd Workshop on Safe Artificial Intelligence for Automated Driving, in conjunction with CVPR 2020.
  • P. Sorrenson, C. Rother, U. Köthe (2020): “Disentanglement by Nonlinear ICA with General Incompressible-flow Networks (GIN)”, Intl. Conf. Learning Representations (ICLR) [arxiv], [pdf]
  • L. Ardizzone, R. Mackowiak, C. Rother, U. Köthe (2020): “Exact Information Bottleneck with Invertible Neural Networks: Getting the Best of Discriminative and Generative Modeling”, arXiv:2001.06448 [arxiv], [pdf]
  • S. Radev, U. Mertens, A. Voss, L. Ardizzone, U. Köthe (2020): “BayesFlow: Learning complex stochastic models with invertible neural networks”, arXiv:2003.06281 [arxiv], [pdf]
  • S.K. Mustikovela, V. Jampani, S. De Mello, S. Liu, U. Iqbal, C. Rother, J. Kautz “Self-Supervised Viewpoint Learning from Image Collections”, CVPR 2020. [pdf]
  • A. Bhowmik, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, E. Brachmann, “Reinforced Feature Points: Optimizing Feature Detection and Description for a High-Level Task”, CVPR 2020 (oral). [pdf]
  • F. Kluger, E. Brachmann, H. Ackermann, C .Rother, M.Y. Yang, B. Rosenhahn, “CONSAC: Robust Multi-Model Fitting by Conditional Sample Consensus”, CVPR 2020. [pdf] [project page]
  • C. Kamann, C. Rother, “Benchmarking the Robustness of Semantic Segmentation Models”, CVPR 2020. [pdf]
  • S. Haller, M. Prakash, L. Hutschenreiter, T. Pietzsch, C. Rother, F. Jug, P. Swoboda, B. Savchynskyy, “A Primal-Dual Solver for Large-Scale Tracking-by-Assignment”, AISTATS 2020. [pdf] [project website]
  • S. Tourani, A. Shekhovtsov, C. Rother, B. Savchynskyy, “Taxonomy of Dual Block-Coordinate Ascent Methods for Discrete Energy Minimization”, AISTATS 2020. [pdf]
  • Krull, P. Hirsch, C. Rother, A. Schiffrin, C. Krull. Communications Physics. 2020. “Artificial-intelligence-driven scanning probe microscopy”, Communications Physics volume 3, 54 (2020), 19 March 2020. [link]
  • S. Wolf, A. Bailoni, C. Pape, N. Rahaman, A. Kreshuk, U. Köthe, F.A. Hamprecht (2020), “The Mutex Watershed and its Objective: Efficient, Parameter-Free Graph Partitioning”. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. [link], [pdf]


  • T. Adler, L. Ayala, L. Ardizzone, H. Kenngott, A. Vemuri, B. Muller-Stich, C. Rother, U. Köthe, L. Maier-Hein, “Out of Distribution Detection for Intra-Operative Functional Imaging”, MICCAI UNSURE Workshop 2019. [pdf]
  • J. Kleesiek, J.N. Morshuis, F. Isensee, K. Deike-Hofmann, D. Paech, P. Kickingereder, U. Köthe, C. Rother, M. Forsting, W. Wick, M. Bendszus, H.-P. Schlemmer, A. Radbruch, “Can Virtual Contrast Enhancement in Brain MRI Replace Gadolinium?”, Investigative Radiology October 2019. [journal]
  • T. Leistner, H. Schilling, R. Mackowiak, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, “Learning to Think Outside the Box: Wide-Baseline Light-Field Depth Estimation from Low-Baseline Training Data”, 3DV 2019 (oral). [pdf][project page]
  • C. Kamann, C. Rother, “Benchmarking the Robustness of Semantic Segmentation Models”, Arxiv 2019. [pdf]
  • E. Brachmann, C. Rother, “Neural-Guided RANSAC: Learning Where to Sample Model Hypotheses”, ICCV 2019. [pdf] [project page]
  • E. Brachmann, C. Rother, “Expert Sample Consensus Applied to Camera Re-Localization”, ICCV 2019. [pdf] [project page]
  • L. Ardizzone, C. Lüth, J. Kruse, C. Rother, U. Köthe, “Guided Image Generation with Conditional Invertible Neural Networks”, Arxiv preprint 1907.02392, [arxiv] [pdf] [supplement]
  • J. Kruse, L. Ardizzone, C. Rother, U. Köthe, “Benchmarking Invertible Architectures on Inverse Problems”, First Workshop on Invertible Neural Networks and Normalizing Flows, ICML 2019 [pdf]
  • W. Li, O. Hosseini Jafari, C. Rother, “Localizing Common Objects Using Common Component Activation Map”, Explainable AI Workshop, CVPR 2019 [pdf]
  • T. J. Adler, L. Ardizzone, A. Vemuri, L. Ayala, J. Gröhl, T. Kirchner, S. Wirkert, J. Kruse, C. Rother, U. Köthe, L. Maier-Hein, “Uncertainty-Aware Performance Assessment of Optical Imaging Modalities with Invertible Neural Networks”, IPCAI 2019 [arxiv]
  • Alexander Kirillov, Kaiming He, Ross Girshick, Carsten Rother, Piotr Dollar, “Panoptic Segmentation”, CVPR 2019, [arxiv]
  • L. Ardizzone, J. Kruse, S. Wirkert, D. Rahner, E.W. Pellegrini, R.S. Klessen, L. Maier-Hein, C. Rother, U. Köthe, “Analyzing Inverse Problems with Invertible Neural Networks”, ICLR 2019 [arxiv] [OpenReview] [pdf]
  • S. Berg, D. Kutra, …, U. Köthe, F.A. Hamprecht, A. Kreshuk (2019): “ilastik: interactive machine learning for (bio)image analysis”, Nature Methods, vol. 16, pages 1226–1232 [link]


  • H. Abu Alhaija, S.K. Mustikovela, A. Geiger, C. Rother, “Geometric Image Synthesis”, ACCV 2018 [pdf] [video]
  • O. Hosseini Jafari*, S.K. Mustikovela*, K. Pertsch, E. Brachmann, C. Rother, “iPose: Instance-Aware 6D Pose Estimation of Partly Occluded Objects”, ACCV 2018 [pdf] (*equal contribution)
  • W. Li*, O. Hosseini Jafari*, C. Rother, “Deep Object Co-Segmentation”, ACCV 2018 [pdf] (*equal contribution)
  • R. Mackowiak, P. Lenz, O. Ghori, F. Diego, O. Lange, C. Rother, “CEREALS – Cost-Effective REgion-based Active Learning for Semantic Segmentation”, BMVC 2018. [pdf] [supp]
  • S. Tourani, A. Shekhovtsov, C. Rother, B.Savchynskyy, “MPLP++: Fast, Parallel Dual Block-Coordinate Ascent for Dense Graphical Models”, ECCV 2018. [pdf]
  • T. Hodan, F. Michel, E. Brachmann, W. Kehl, A. Glent Buch, D. Kraft, B. Drost, J. Vidal, S. Ihrke, X. Zabulis, C. Sahin, F. Manhardt, F. Tombari, T. Kim, J. Matas, C. Rother, “BOP: Benchmark for 6D Object Pose Estimation”, ECCV 2018. [pdf]
  • H. Abu Alhaija, S.K. Mustikovela, L. Mescheder, A. Geiger, C. Rother, “Augmented Reality Meets Computer Vision Efficient Data Generation for Urban Driving Scenes”, IJCV 2018. [link] [pdf]
  • E. Brachmann, C. Rother, “Learning Less is More – 6D Camera Localization via 3D Surface Regression”, CVPR 2018. [pdf] [project page]
  • H. Schilling, M. Diebold, C. Rother, B. Jähne, “Trust your Model: Light Field Depth Estimation with inline Occlusion Handling”, CVPR 2018. [pdf]
  • S. Haller, P. Swoboda, B. Savchynskyy, “Exact MAP-Inference by Confining Combinatorial Search with LP Relaxation”, AAAI 2018. [pdf]


  • A. Arnab, S. Zheng, S. Jayasumana, B. Romera-Paredes, M. Larsson, A. Kirillov, B. Savchynskyy, C. Rother, F. Kahl, P.H.S. Torr, “Conditional Random Fields meet Deep Neural Networks for Semantic Segmentation”, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Special Issue in Deep Learning for Visual Understanding, White Paper, 2017. [pdf]
  • H. Abu Alhaija , S. K. Mustikovela, L. Mescheder, A. Geiger, C. Rother, “Augmented Reality Meets Deep Learning for Car Instance Segmentation in Urban Scenes”, BMVC 2017. [pdf][extended Arxiv pdf]
  • W. Li, O. Hosseini Jafari, C. Rother, ”Semantic-Aware Image Smoothing”, VMV 2017. [pdf]
  • J. Kruse, C. Rother, U. Schmidt, “Learning to Push the Limits of Efficient FFT-based Image Deconvolution”, ICCV 2017. [pdf][supp]
  • A. Behl*, O. Hosseini Jafari*, S. K. Mustikovela*, H. Abu Alhaija, C. Rother, A. Geiger, “Bounding Boxes, Segmentations and Object Coordinates: How Important is Recognition for 3D Scene Flow Estimation in Autonomous Driving Scenarios?”, ICCV 2017. [pdf][supp] (*equal contribution)
  • S. Ramos, S. Gehrig, P. Pinggera, U. Franke, C. Rother. “Detecting Unexpected Obstacles for Self-Driving Cars: Fusing Deep Learning and Geometric Modeling.” , Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV) (oral). [pdf]
  • E. Brachmann, A. Krull, S. Nowozin, J. Shotton, F. Michel, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, “DSAC – Differentiable RANSAC for Camera Localization”, CVPR 2017 (oral). [pdf][project page]
  • P. Swoboda, J. Kuske, B. Savchynskyy, “A Dual Ascent Framework for Lagrangean Decomposition of Combinatorial Problems”, CVPR 2017. [pdf]
  • P. Swoboda, C. Rother, H. Abu Alhaija, D. Kainmueller, B. Savchynskyy, “A Study of Lagrangean Decompositions and Dual Ascent Solvers for Graph Matching”, CVPR 2017. [pdf]
  • A. Kirillov, E. Levinkov, B. Andres, B. Savchynskyy, C. Rother, “InstanceCut: from Edges to Instances with MultiCut”, CVPR 2017. [pdf]
  • F. Michel, A. Kirillov, E. Brachmann, A. Krull, S. Gumhold, B. Savchynskyy, C. Rother, “Global Hypothesis Generation for 6D Object Pose Estimation”, CVPR 2017. [pdf][project page]
  • E. Levinkov, J. Uhrig, S. Tang, M. Omran, E. Insafutdinov, A. Kirillov, C. Rother, T. Brox, B. Schiele, B. Andres, “Joint Graph Decomposition & Node Labeling: Problem, Algorithms, Applications”, CVPR 2017. [pdf]
  • A. Krull, E. Brachmann, S. Nowozin, F. Michel, J. Shotton, C. Rother, “PoseAgent: Budget-Constrained 6D Object Pose Estimation via Reinforcement Learning”, CVPR 2017. [pdf][project page]
  • D. Massiceti, A. Krull, E. Brachmann, C. Rother, P.H.S. Torr, “Random Forests versus Neural Networks − What’s Best for Camera Localization?”, ICRA 2017. [pdf]
  • D. Schlesinger, F. Jug, G. Myers, C. Rother, D. Kainmüller, “Crowd Sourcing Image Segmentation with iaSTAPLE”, ISBI 2017. [pdf]
  • O. Hosseini Jafari, O. Groth, A. Kirillov, M. Y. Yang, C. Rother, “Analyzing Modular CNN Architectures for Joint Depth Prediction and Semantic Segmentation”, ICRA 2017. [pdf]


  • S. K. Mustikovela, M. Y. Yang, C. Rother, “Can Ground Truth Label Propagation from Video help Semantic Segmentation?”, Video Segmentation Workshop, ECCV 2016. [pdf]
  • P. Pinggera, S. Ramos, S. Gehrig, U. Franke, C. Rother, R. Mester, “Lost and Found: Detecting Small Road Hazards for Self-Driving Vehicles”, IROS 2016. [pdf]
  • A. Kirillov, A. Shekhovtsov, C. Rother, B. Savchynskyy, “Joint M-Best-Diverse Labelings as a Parametric Submodular Minimization”, NIPS 2016. [pdf]
  • A. Kirillov, D. Schlesinger, S. Zheng, B. Savchynskyy, P.H.S. Torr, C. Rother, “Joint Training of Generic CNN-CRF Models with Stochastic Optimization”, ACCV 2016. [pdf]
  • J.H. Kappes, P. Swoboda, B. Savchynskyy, T. Hazan, C. Schnörr, “Multicuts and Perturb & MAP for Probabilistic Graph Clustering”, in J. Math. Imag. Vision 2016. [pdf] [bib]
  • P. Swoboda, A. Shekhovtsov, J.H. Kappes, C. Schnörr, B. Savchynskyy, “Partial Optimality by Pruning for MAP-Inference with General Graphical Models”, in IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. Mach. Intell., vol. 38, July 2016, pp. 1370-1382. [preprint] [bib]
  • A. Sellent, C. Rother, S. Roth,”Stereo Video Deblurring”, ECCV 2016. [pdf][supp]
  • D. L. Richmond, D. Kainmueller, M. Y. Yang, E. W. Myers, C. Rother, “Mapping Auto-context Decision Forests to Deep ConvNets for Semantic Segmentation”, BMVC 2016. [pdf] [supplement] [Extended Arxiv pdf]
  • L. A. Royer, D. L. Richmond, C. Rother, B. Andres, D. Kainmueller, “Convexity Shape Constraints for Image Segmentation”, CVPR 2016. [pdf]
  • J. Mund, F. Michel, F. Dieke-Meier, H. Fricke, L. Meyer, C. Rother, “Introducing LiDAR Point Cloud-based Object Classification for Safer Apron Operations”, ESAVS 2016. [pdf]
  • E. Brachmann, F. Michel, A. Krull, M. Y. Yang, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, “Uncertainty-Driven 6D Pose Estimation of Objects and Scenes from a Single RGB Image”, CVPR 2016. [pdf][supplement][project page]
  • F. Matulic, W. Büschel, M. Y. Yang, S. Ihrke, A. Ramraika, C. Rother, R. Dachselt, “Smart Ubiquitous Projection: Discovering Surfaces for the Projection of Adaptive Content”, Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2016. [pdf]
  • O. Hosseini Jafari, M. Y. Yang, “Real-Time RGB-D based Template Matching Pedestrian Detection”, ICRA 2016. [pdf]


  • A. Kirillov, D. Schlesinger, D. Vetrov, C. Rother, B. Savchynskyy, “M-Best-Diverse Labelings for Submodular Energies and Beyond”, NIPS 2015. [pdf with supplementary material][bib]
  • A. Krull, E. Brachmann, F. Michel, M. Y. Yang, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, “Learning Analysis-by-Synthesis for 6D Pose Estimation in RGB-D Images”, ICCV 2015. [pdf][project page]
  • A. Kirillov, B. Savchynskyy, D. Schlesinger, D. Vetrov, C. Rother, “Inferring M-Best Diverse Solutions in a Single One”, ICCV 2015. [pdf with supplementary material][bib][video spotlight]
  • R. Nair, A. Fitzgibbon, D. Kondermann, C. Rother. “Reflection Modelling for Passive Stereo”, ICCV 2015. [pdf]
  • H. Abu Alhaija, A. Sellent, D. Kondermann, C. Rother, “GraphFlow – 6D Large Displacement Scene Flow via Graph Matching”, German Conference on Pattern Recognition (GCPR, a.k.a. DAGM), 2015. [project][pdf]
  • M. Cheng, V. Prisacariu, S. Zheng, P. Torr, C Rother, “DenseCut: Densely Connected CRFs for Realtime GrabCut”, Computer Graphics Forum (CGF), 2015 (oral & journal). [Project][pdf][bib][code]
  • S. Zheng, V. Prisacariu, M Averkiou, M. Cheng, N. Mitra, J. Shotton, P. Torr, C. Rother. “Object Proposal Estimation in Depth Images using Compact 3D Shape Manifolds”, German Conference on Pattern Recognition (GCPR, a.k.a. DAGM), 2015. (oral). [pdf]
  • J. Mund, A. Zouhar, L. Meyer, H. Fricke, C. Rother, “Performance Evaluation of LiDAR Point Clouds towards Automated FOD Detection on Airport Aprons”, ATACCS 2015. [pdf]
  • F. Michel, A. Krull, E. Brachmann, M. Y. Yang, S. Gumhold, C. Rother, “Pose Estimation of Kinematic Chain Instances via Object Coordinate Regression”, BMVC 2015. [pdf][Supplementary_Material][Extended_Abstract][Dataset][project page]
  • D. Richmond, D. Kainmueller, B. Glocker, C. Rother, G. Myers, “Uncertainty-driven Forest Predictors for Vertebra Localization and Segmentation”, MICCAI 2015. [pdf]
  • A. Zouhar, C. Rother, S. Fuchs, “Semantic 3-D Labeling of ear implants using a global parametric transition prior”, MICCAI 2015. [pdf][Ear data set]
  • U. Schmidt, J. Jancsary, S. Nowozin, S. Roth, C. Rother, “Cascades of regression tree fields for image restoration”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2015. [pdf]
  • W. Huang, X. Gong, M. Ying Yang, “Joint object segmentation and depth upsampling”, Signal Processing Letters, 22(2):192–196, 2015. [link]
  • Schelten, S. Nowozin, J. Jancsary, C. Rother, and S. Roth, “Interleaved regression tree field cascades for blind image deconvolution”, in IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), Waikoloa Beach, HI, Jan. 2015, pp. 494-501. [preprint]
  • J.H. Kappes, B. Andres, F.A. Hamprecht, C. Schnörr, S. Nowozin, D. Batra, S. Kim, T. Kroeger, B.X. Kausler, J. Lellmann, N. Komodakis, B. Savchynskyy, C. Rother, “A Comparative Study of Modern Inference Techniques for Discrete Energy Minimization Problems”, IJCV 2015. [bib][preprint] [supplementary material 1] [supplementary material 2]
  • A. Shekhovtsov, P. Swoboda, B. Savchynskyy, “Maximum Persistency via Iterative Relaxed Inference with Graphical Models”, CVPR 2015. [bib][pdf with supplementary material]
  • J. Kappes, P. Swoboda, B. Savchynskyy, T. Hazan, C. Schnörr, “Probabilistic Correlation Clustering and Image Partitioning Using Perturbed Multicuts”, SSVM 2015 – oral presentation. [bib][pdf]

















  • C. Rother, “Analyse initialer Positionsschätzungen bei der Bildfolgenauswertung”, DAGM 1999.